Understanding the terms in CBD products.
With all the hype and unregulated wording used for hemp products, it can be difficult to know what kind of product you want. Not to mention organic vs “regular” products.
Let’s define a few terms to clarify and make sure we are all on the same page:
Broad Spectrum = utilizing chromatography in processing, the THC and CBD can be separated to generate an oil with the full range of cannabinoids, including CBD, but separating out the THC.
Cannabinoids (hundreds are found in the Cannabis plant) = compounds (such as CBD & THC) found in the cannabis plant or synthetic compounds. These compounds interact with the endocannabinoid system of our body.
Cannabis = a type of plant with two well-known variations, hemp (non-psychoactive) and marijuana (psychoactive/psychotropic properties)
CBC = Cannabichromene (Cannabichrome), an anti-inflammatory; may be a natural pain-killer; has been shown to encourage neurogenesis (increasing viability of developing brain cells) (https://www.crescolabs.com/cannabinoids/cbc/)
CBD = short for cannabidiols. One of many cannabinoid compounds found in both hemp and marijuana.
CBG = the decarboxylated form of cannabigerolic acid, only found during the blooming phase of the hemp plant. Used to enhance pleasure & motivation, regulating appetite & sleep, and alleviating pain. Has no psychotropic effects. Has also been effective as an antidepressant and may help ease pain and muscle cramps. (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6021502/)
CBN = non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in trace amounts in the Cannabis plant, naturally produced as THC oxidizes from aged & stored cannabis. It may affect the immune system and reduce pain.
Chromatography = the separation of mixtures into their constituents by preferential adsorption by a solid, as a column of silica, a strip of filter paper, or by a liquid.
Compounds = CBD, CBC, CBN, CBG, THC, etc.
Endocannabinoid = molecules made by your body
Endocannabinoid System = the biological system composed of endocannabinoids in each of us
Full Spectrum = has many of the compounds found in cannabis plant extracts. May include up to 0.3% THC, this amount supports the body’s functions in a variety of ways.
Psychoactive = chemical substance with the ability to change a person’s mental state. Affects the brain & nervous system’s operations.
Non-Psychoactive = does not produce the effects psychoactive chemicals do
THC = Tetrahydrocannabinol. The psychoactive substance in marijuana. Can lead to central nervous system depression.
0%THC = has less than 0.01% THC. Requires more processing to remove THC, rendering this impossible to be organic. Since the THC can’t ever be 100% removed as there will always be trace amounts of THC visible in testing. Therefore, this cannot be considered THC-FREE, but it could be considered THC-ND (THC Non-Detect).
There are several types of CBD Oil, here’s a very brief overview:
Crude Oil (good starting base, not ready for product usage yet) = the result from extracting the hemp plant parts, before further refining the oil for consumer goods.
Winterized Oil (full spectrum) = a de-fatted oil containing the full range of cannabinoids in the spectrum.
Distillate Oil (full spectrum, contains many plant compounds including THC) = full spectrum crude oil is tested after each step to make sure there is less than 0.3% THC. Distillate can be used to manufacture full spectrum consumer packaged goods.
Broad Spectrum Oil = goes through a process of separating the THC to create an oil with the benefits of full spectrum distillate, but without the THC.
Isolate (used for consumer goods labeled 0%THC, THC-ND, or essentially THC-FREE) = goes through further processing to remove the THC. THC is still visible in testing but is less than 0.01%. Due to the amount of processing, this cannot be labeled organic.
CBD is well known and used to support the body to lessen feelings of public discomfort and feelings of anxiousness, to support happiness and stave off overwhelming feelings of sadness, and to assist in obtaining a good night’s rest. Users of CBD report feelings of relaxation and appreciate lessening the physical and emotional effects of the demands of life. While CBD is not a “cure-all”, it is a cannabinoid with a lot of vitamins and minerals which each support and interact with different parts of the body’s endocannabinoid system.
Below is a common graphic you see around online. It shows some general areas CBD is considered to help.